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  Radio Mallku, 4796v kHz  DX news
Radio Mallku, Uyuni, 4796.44 kHz, was heard at 1003-1008 fair on Dec 31, 1999.
After playing a nice Bolivian huayno, the canned identification was given as follows:
"Desde el salar de Uyuni y para todo el sudeste potosino , transmite Radio Mallku en la frecuencia de 4795 kc banda tropical de 60 metr os onda corta."

Note: The station which formerly identified itself Radio A.N.D.E.S. under the slogan "la voz de los trabajadores campesinos", was established and operated by FRUTCAS "Federacion Regional Unica de Trabajadores Campesinos del Altiplano Sud" (the Unique Regional Federation of Peasants in the Southern Highland) which has members in five provinces in the Department o f Potosi.
The initials making up the station name stand for the first letter o f the five provinces: Antonio Quijarro, Nor Lipez, Daniel Campos, Enrique Valdivieso and Sud Lipiz.
According to the "Diccionario Quechua-Espanol" (published by the Municipality of Cusco, in 1995), the "Mallku" has two meanings: the Inca Divinity invoked by the Andean diviners; Varayoq del Ayllu (the authority of the social organization in the Andes) nominated each year. I t was symbolized by a totem of condor (kuntur), in the Inca civilization.
According to the "Gramatica y Diccionario Aimara" 2th edition (published by Juan Enrique Ebbing; printed by Editorial "Don Bosco" in La Paz, Bolivia, in 1981), it is written as "Mallko" in Aymara and has two meanings: chief and condor.
Consequently, Radio Mallku may be translated as "Radio Chief" which signified the peasants federation's chief being invoked by diviner, or "Radio Condor" which signified the authority of the peasants federation, symbolized b y condor.
Takayuki Inoue Nózaki, January 9, 2000, Relámpago DX

Some days ago I got a very nice QSL-letter from Señor Erwin Freddy Mamani Machaca, the station manager of Radio Mallku in Bolivia. The letter contains a lot of information concerning Radio Mallku. I hope that it will be of interest to some of you. Here now the details:

Personal and ownership structures
The staff of the station consists of exactly two persons. The just 22 years old Freddy Mamani calls himself as program manager of Radio Mallku. He is the leader of the station since three years. His co-worker is Señora Clotilde Yucra de Cayo. Beyond that they still have three honorary co-workers. Under the name „Radiodifusoras A.N.D.E.S.“ the station began to transmit already in December 1996. The former station name consists of the initial letters of the five provinces in the Potosí department. The telecommunications authority in La Paz however refused the transmission license at that time, because Radio Los Andes from Tarija already existed as a radio station of similar name. Only renaming in Radio Mallku, which is Quéchua and means "condor", legalized the operation of the station. Owner of Radio Mallku is the agricultural worker organization „Frutcas“. An advisary board (Concejo de Administración) consisting of five persons supervises the conversion of the resolutions of the executive committee of the agricultural worker federation Frutcas (Federación de Campesinos Frutcas). On the Campesino congress (Congreso Campesino) the advisary board of the station as well as the guidance of the organization Frutcas are elected for two years. Therefore Señor Mamani is not the owner of Radio Mallku, but rather a type of leading employee.

The Program
The administrative structures of Radio Mallku and the designation as „Voz de los Trabajadores Campesinos del Altiplano Sud“ suggest the primary mission of the station. Primarily the station is labor union orientated and represents the interests of the Campesinos in the southwest of the Bolivian department Potosí. On that reason apart from Spanish also the Indio language Quéchua is used. Education programs as well as health programs („Programa de Mujer Salud“) are dominating the program schedule. Like many other LA stations also Radio Mallku broadcasts the so called "mensajes" (Quéchua: Willaykunas). Music programs such as „Ramilletes musicales“ can be found in the program schema likewise.

Country and People
At the end of his letter Freddy Mamani describes the inhabitants of the Uyuni region as lovable and hospitable people. In the highland region of the Altiplano Sud prevails a relatively cold climate. Up to the privatisation of the railways in the year 1994 Uyuni was an important regional traffic junction. The most important attraction of this area is the large salt desert with 12400 square kilometres. A beautiful photo of the salt desert was attached to the QSL letter. Mr. Mamani doesn't conceal the problems of his homeland and expresses likewise that Potosí is the poorest Bolivian department. The living conditions of the population partly are not satisfactory at all. A lot of people emigrated to Argentina or Chile on the search for better conditions of work and life. This led to a considerable decrease of population in the Uyuni region.
Michael Schnitzer. June 22, 2000, hcdx list
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