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Construction project
High-pass filter

Enjoying Radio, November 1985
(edited by David Newkirk)

A "high-pass" filter is one designed to pass all signals above a certain frequency -- the cutoff frequency.
The purpose of this is clear: if you want to receive everything above, say, 2 MHz, and you're troubled by severe overloading because of MW broadcast signals (0.535 1.605 MHz), a highpass filter with the right cutoff frequency will pass the 2-MHz-and-higher frequencies and leave the lower on" "in the mud."

There are many, many kinds of filters; there are also low-pass filters, for instance, that pass all frequencies below the cutoff frequency.
Note that the action about the cutoff frequency is not "as sharp as a knife"; a high-pass filter with a 2-MHz cutoff frequency doesn't pass 2001 kHz signals beautifully and chop off 1996 kHz signals to the point where they're not there. Such filters can be rated by how many decibels of rolloff (plunge in signal level) they afford per octave (per halving [for high-pass filters] or per doubling [for lowpass filters] of frequency. A 6dB-per-octave rolloff would be like reducing signal power to 1/4 its reference value every time frequency was halved or doubled.

Much more on filters in many electronics/radio texts; a good one that should be available many places is the 1985 Handbook for the Radio Amateur, published by A ML, pp. 11-7 to 11-9. Filter are easy to build and can solve one problems almost magically when properly applied. Here's Chuck Bolland with the filter he built to chop MW interference to his SW efforts:

Anyone having trouble with nearby nediumwave stations swamping his or her shortwave receiver?
Here is the description of a high pass filter that will help overcome that problem.
This filter will attenuate all signals below 1700 kHz by at least 20dB. This could be done with an antenna tuner, too, but, unlike an antenna tuner, this filter does not affect the shortwave spectrum. In fact, it improves that portion of the spectral by eliminating the mediumwave noise. This circuit can be found in the book Ferromagnetic Core Design and Application by Doug DeMaw.

Filter circuit
L1 and L2:

13 turns #20 insulated wire on T106-Z core from Aside Associates
C1 and C3: 1800 pF
C2: 1000 pF

Construction suggestion
You will also need appropriate hardware such as a metal case and cable connectors [either RCA photo plugs/jacks or S0-239/PL-259 coaxial connectors will do for antenna and receiver connections.

As you can see in the drawing, the project is really basic construction, and, after all the parts are collected together, it will only take a few minutes to put together. As for the cost, the parts are all very inexpensive. The cores, for example, can be ordered by phone or mail from Amidon Associates, 12033 Otsego Street, North Hollywood, California 91607. The phone number is 213 760 4429. I order all my cores by phone, and Amidon sends a bill with the package a few days later.
Charles (Chuck) Bolland

Thanks, Chuck. Yeah! These things are fun. Something we should point out that's vary important in the operation of filters is that filters are always designed for specific input and output impedances. The capacitor and inductor values are tailored for those impedances. If the input and output of the filter are not terminated with its design impedance, it won't work right -- "won't work" meaning that it might attenuate everything passing through it in unexpected ways, or that it won't attenuate stuff it's supposed to attenuate.

Chuck's filter seems designed for 50 ohm coaxial line. If so, it has to be used in 50-ohm coaxial line or it won't work right. The reference to the ARRL Handbook I made earlier will lead to methods for straightforward redesign of filters shown therein for just about any impedance you're likely to run into with your shortwave/mediumwave/longwave receiver. I built a 500-kHz-cutoff low-cost filter for the "1000-ohm, input of my R-1000s to get rid of all the junk you hear when trying to listen to the 200-415 kHz beacon band with a random wire. Boom! All those intermod junk products are gone.

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